What is the Zoroastrian Tower of Silence?

What is the Zoroastrian Tower of Silence?

In the diverse tapestry of world religions, Zoroastrianism holds a unique place, especially in its approach to life, death, and the rituals that follow. One of the most intriguing aspects of Zoroastrian funerary practices is the Tower of Silence, or Dakhma. This ancient structure, steeped in religious significance, provides a profound insight into the values and beliefs of the Zoroastrian faith, emphasizing respect for nature and the purity of the elements. At Anthyesti Funeral Services, we recognize the importance of understanding different cultural funeral practices, and here, we delve into the enigmatic world of the Tower of Silence.

Historical Background:

Zoroastrianism, one of the world’s oldest monotheistic religions, was founded by the Prophet Zoroaster in ancient Persia, now Iran, over three thousand years ago. This religion shaped much of the cultural and spiritual landscape of ancient Persia and has influenced other major religions. Central to Zoroastrianism is the concept of purity and the eternal battle between the forces of good and evil.

The Tower of Silence Explained:

A Tower of Silence is a circular, raised structure used by Zoroastrians for exposure of the dead. The primary purpose of this ritual is to avoid contaminating the sacred elements of earth, fire, and water with deceased remains, adhering to the Zoroastrian principle that the dead body is unclean due to the presence of evil spirits.

Traditionally, these towers are built away from residential areas, on elevated ground surrounded by a forest or desert. The towers are designed with an outer ring for the bodies of men, an inner ring for women, and the innermost ring for children. At the center of the tower is a pit where the bones fall after the flesh has been stripped away by birds and the sun.

Cultural Significance:

The use of the Tower of Silence is deeply rooted in Zoroastrian eschatology. Zoroastrians believe that the body becomes impure upon death and thus, should not contaminate the sacred elements of earth, fire, or water. The exposure to birds and the elements is seen as a purification process, allowing the soul to embark on its journey to the afterlife free from physical ties.

Rituals Associated with the Tower of Silence:

The funerary process begins with a ceremonial washing of the body, followed by the wrapping in a white cloth. The body is then placed in the Tower of Silence by pallbearers who are members of the community, known as Nasellars. The ritual signifies a final separation of the soul from the body, where vultures play a vital role in the swift decomposition, considered a spiritual cleansing.

During the ritual, prayers are offered to ensure the peaceful transition of the soul. The Zoroastrian community gathers to support the bereaved family, reflecting a collective approach to mourning that reinforces community bonds.

Modern Practices and Challenges:

In modern times, the practice of using Towers of Silence has declined, primarily due to urbanization and environmental changes which have led to a decrease in vulture populations. In some regions, Zoroastrians have adapted by transitioning to burial or cremation, practices that were traditionally not preferred due to concerns about contaminating the elements.

The community faces challenges in maintaining this ancient tradition, as more Zoroastrians live in urban areas far from traditional Towers of Silence. However, there is a renewed interest in preserving these practices, driven by cultural preservation initiatives and ecological considerations, such as the conservation of vulture species which are critical to the ecosystem.

Comparative Perspective:

The Tower of Silence presents a fascinating contrast to other funerary practices worldwide. For instance, the practice of sky burials in Tibetan Buddhism also involves exposure of the dead to vultures, reflecting a similar philosophical respect for nature and the cycle of life. Both practices emphasize an eco-centric funeral process, differing significantly from the earth burials and cremations prevalent in Western and many Eastern traditions, where the focus is on the sanctity of the body itself.


The Tower of Silence is more than just a funerary structure; it is a manifestation of Zoroastrian values and a profound respect for nature’s role in the cycle of life and death. As we explore such ancient practices, we gain not only an understanding of Zoroastrian beliefs but also a broader perspective on how different cultures address life’s ultimate passage.

At Anthyesti Funeral Services, we believe in the importance of honoring all traditions with dignity and respect. By learning about and acknowledging diverse practices like those of the Zoroastrians, we foster a deeper appreciation of the rich cultural mosaic that forms our world.

Why Choose Anthyesti?

Choosing Anthyesti means opting for compassion and dignity in times of loss. As specialists in funeral services across various cultures, we provide personalized, respectful care, ensuring that the final rites honor your loved one’s traditions and wishes. Our experienced team is dedicated to supporting families through every step of the funeral process, offering a range of services from traditional rituals to modern ceremonies. With Anthyesti, you gain access to 24/7 support, transparent pricing, and a commitment to making a difficult time a little easier. Trust Anthyesti to handle every detail with the utmost respect and professionalism.


1. What is the Zoroastrian Tower of Silence?

The Tower of Silence, also known as Dakhma, is a circular, raised structure used in Zoroastrianism for funerary purposes. It is designed to prevent the pollution of earth or fire with deceased remains, reflecting the Zoroastrian principle of maintaining purity.

2. Why do Zoroastrians use the Tower of Silence?

Zoroastrians believe that the dead body is impure and must not contaminate the sacred elements of earth, fire, or water. The Tower of Silence facilitates the exposure of the body to the sun and scavenging birds, which is seen as a way to purify the remains and aid the soul’s journey to the afterlife.

3. How does the Tower of Silence work?

The deceased is placed on the open-air circular structure, segregated into three rings based on gender and age. The body is exposed to the elements and scavenging birds, primarily vultures, which consume the flesh. The bones eventually fall into a central pit and disintegrate naturally.

4. Are there any specific rituals performed at the Tower of Silence?

Before placing the body in the Tower, there is a ritual washing and the body is clothed in a white garment. Special prayers are offered to help the soul transition. The body is then carried by pallbearers, known as Nasellars, and placed in the Tower without any physical ceremony to avoid contaminating the sacred space.

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